The Final Post

Music.
music
Hip-hop music in particular has the most influence on mainstream and the younger generation of society. There are equally as many white people as black people that listen to hip-hop so with that being said, it effects all races as well as social classes, which makes it most effective in spreading ideologies. The assertiveness in hip-hop music objectifies women and puts men in the position of power. Some songs directly put down women by calling them bitches and hoes while also referring to them in a sexual manner. Because it is a man that usually makes these songs, he is sending the message that he is better than women so he has the right to degrade them.
Magazines.
magazine
Magazines depict the way men and women are supposed to look and act. The ideal masculine man is depicted in magazines as one that is tall, muscular, and heterosexual. You can tell he is heterosexual because he is usually surrounded by women. The ideal feminine woman is usually slender and beautiful with long flowing hair. These images give society a collective image of what a man or woman should look like, which reinforces gender roles and heteronormativity.
Social Media.
twitter
Social media helps reinforce multiple ideologies including heteronormativity and the objectification of women. When I scroll down my timeline on twitter at night, a lot of what I see is naked women and them performing sexual actions with other men. By showing such sexual content, it neglects to also include safe sex practices for woman to woman, man to man, and man to women actions. Also, especially in the case of twitter and Instagram, any time something that is not heteronormative is posted, criticism follows. It is really bad on twitter to the point people get attacked for being something other than what society wants them to be.
Television shows.
tv
Television shows are becoming more interactive with things other than the traditional values of society. Some shows makes jokes about very controversial topics, which for some people makes it seem like it is not that big of a deal. On the other hand, sometimes the shows joking about controversial topics brings them to light and allows people to make their own assumptions about the issue. All in all, television is something that everybody watches at some point in life and it is the easiest way to spread common ideas. Sometimes it does not directly address issues; sometimes the issues are subliminal, but either way, the issue/topic still gets talked about.
All of these are a part of the social institution called media. Of all the concepts and topics we covered, media has got to be my favorite one because media plays a role in everything from sexualities to double-standards to sexual assault. The ways the ideologies were created for these concepts is most likely through media because media always projects the popular opinion and the nature of people is to take the opinions of others and make them their own with their own justifications. Media is what helped and is still helping society develop a collective conscious.

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What Does Sex Have To Do With… Good Girls ?

The virginal good girls is always seen as respectable and “tamed”; while the sexy bad girl is promiscuous and slutty. Guys that get a lot of girls are seen as cool guys, but guys that don’t are lame. Women are reprimanded for being sexually active, while boys are praised. It almost gives the insinuation that once a girl has given up her virginity to guy, she is now property. In society it is valuable, and losing it the wrong way can label a girl as desperate. In the light of guys, they are encouraged to have sex as early as possible. It even comes down to the point of women being ridiculed and criticized for dating younger men, while for men, especially on college scenes, it is perfectly fine. Women are labelled cougars, but what are guys called ? Women’s sexual engagement also plays a role in the work place. If a woman is hyper sexual, she is less likely to get the job. It could be based off of the idea that she will sleep with all of the workers, or that she will bring problems to the work place, or even be pregnant and unable to work; whereas a guy’s sexual involvement has nothing to do with whether he gets a job or not. This idea of the double standard plays a role in capital feminino, where a woman who is a virgin is more valuable and respected than a woman who is not.
This picture is a prime example because it brings to light the stigma that men are allowed to be sexual but women cannot because it realy all comes down to question if you are a slut or a man .
women

What do you think has to be done in order to change the stigma ?

What Does Sex Have to Do With… Marriage and Immigration

The institution of marriage is the process of negotiating a legal and social contract between two people. Everybody is expected to get married in their life as early as possible to signify the legitimate transition into adulthood. At times, some people do not even know why they want marriage other than the fact that it is what we are supposed to do when we get older: get married, get a job, have sex, and make a family. This helps men and women maintain high social statuses by combining family wealth, production, and relationships. That is why two people who are not the same race or social class are always looked down upon for wanting marriage. Not only does the institution of marriage come with independency and approval from family and friends, but it also comes with benefits from the government such as legal protections and immigration rights.
Although marriage is a social institution, it is not a stable one. Marriage and the reasons for marriage are constantly changing. Currently, marriage is not the only representation of adulthood, and people are becoming more independent. Even though marriage should be based on the instances of unconditional love, the reasons for marriage extend beyond that to the point that love could have nothing to do with it. Referring back to the benefits people can receive from marriage, immigrants often use marriage as a visa to live in the United States. This is one of the safest ways for immigrants to become a part of the United States without becoming a citizen, while also being able to function to get a job and live healthily in contrast to the video we watched “Out in the Fields”. In that video, women had a hard time emigrating from their countries to a safe environment because the situations they came into marked them as illegal, which made them unable to get a job or anything to help themselves. When they were put in that position, it forced them to either get involved in the sex trade, or, like the video, work into the fields where they were prone to sexual assault.

immigrant

For example, in the television series Prison Break, the main character decides to break his brother out of jail, but he does so with the help of his immigrant wife. He made a deal with her that he would marry her in order to help her start her life in the United States as long as she did simple tasks in order to help him break his brother out of prison. With this, she was able to live her own life outside of the deal she made.
How do you think the institution of marriage is perceived by the majority of the United States? Do you think it is less important now then it was in the past? Do you think marriage in the terms of helping someone emigrate is legitimate or should it only be for love purposes?

What Does Sex have to do with South Park

south park

In an episode of South Park called “Sexual Healing”, the main idea of the episode is the belief that men were suffering from a sex addiction that caused them to cheat on their wives, and the sex addiction came from an alien figure spreading the disease in capital hall. All the sex shops visits, the jacking off, internet porn, and strip clubs visits were all because of the disease that the alien was spreading to young men and middle-age men. They believed that if they hunted down the alien, which never really existed, they would be cured of their disease.
This episode plays into the idea presented in Orgasm Inc. that there is a sexual standard and if someone does not meet the standard then something is wrong with them. It is equivalent because the women in the video had trouble having an orgasm so society decided to try and fix the problem with medication and in the episode of South Park these men just happened to have a hyperactive sex-drive so to the rest of society, they were diseased and could be cured. Another connection is the fact that this episode brings light to the fact that when men cheat or sleep with multiple women, there has to be a scientific reason for it; however, if a woman does it, there is no leeway for her. In the episode it presents ideas that alcohol and drugs and the lack of self-control plays a role in their hypersexual activity, but in each scenario those options were said to be wrong, but it was the fact they got caught. It was bought back to the scientific reason of the infectious alien. This episode also plays into rape culture because with it being a widely circulated television show, it normalizes hypersexual activity with external factors (alcohol and drugs) as long as you avoid getting caught.
Do you think that media and television normalize sexual violence or sexual inequalities?
Do you think media and television would still be entertaining without violence ?

Immigrant Sexualities

In the article, “Mexican immigrants, heterosexual sex and loving relationships in the United States” by Gloria Gonzales, she talks about the transformation of Mexican immigrants’ sexualities before, during, and after migration. Through her work, she came to find how sexualities constantly evolve and there is so much fluidity especially when it comes to immigrants. Migration effects the way Mexican-American women teach younger women about sexual activities. In Mexican culture, virginity is scared and the more pure a woman is, the more attractive she is to a man. When they migrate to America, they feel they are able to teach their young girls that losing your virginity is okay because men do not care about it. Not only that, but this idea of men not caring about virginity can also be seen as an “immigrant nightmare” because it depicts the United States as a sexually dangerous place because the immigrants’ previous vision of the “American dream” was more morally inclined. What comes with migration is anonymity. Immigrants move to the United States with pre-established identities and practices, but once they are here, they have the opportunity to become whoever or whatever they want. Physical distance from authority and friends give Mexican women chances to take steps in experimenting or claiming new sexualities. With this sense of anonymity, it does not cover the guilt one may feel from departing from their ideologies, but it still gives them the opportunity to be sexually free especially within their community where their interactions with Americans and other immigrants give them new sources of information for sexual health and concerns. In contrast to women, more men reported drug, alcohol, and gang abuse. Also in contrast to women, she mentions that for men, migration does not have as many sexual gains as it does for women. I can imagine this because of the way people believe women are supposed to be especially in more strict cultures where they HAVE to be pure, heterosexual, and submissive, while the man exercises most of the freedom. She points out that they may have more sexual gains than men because their interactions with other immigrant women helped improve the quality of their sex lives and the fact that they become more empowered because they are allowed to get a job and control their own paycheck. Within getting a job and controlling their own money, it helps them shift the dynamics of their heterosexual relationship.

Empowerment

“No more.I do not have to suffer more.”

The idea of the transformation of immigrant sexualities plays into the role of capital feminino. Capital feminino is the belief that a woman’s virginity sacred and should not be tampered with. It can also be seen as a “social endowment”, which means virginity is structured as a gift of nature or property to the society that the person lives in. Within capital feminino being seen as a social endowment, the woman, herself, then becomes a pure piece of property. It is even extreme to the point that there are doctors to “repair” virginity women who have raped or tainted not so that women can be more self-assured in her purity, but so that they would be more desirable to men. Virginity represents moral integrity and responsibility in women, and that is how women in the Mexican community earn honor and respect for their family. Also, within capital feminino, a sociological aspect of virginity includes a trade-off between men, money, and women. Women can only lose their virginity in exchange for a marriage with a man with money. In this, it is allowing the woman to be bought for something that is supposed to be her “little treasure”.
For example, there was a Mexican girl who moved to my small town my freshman year in high school. By this time, she had pre-established beliefs and morals, and swore she would stick to them. As time went on, she was exposed to new sexualities and she had a little more freedom in her actions. By junior year, not only had she slept with numerous guys and also claimed a bisexual identity, but she had also become a feminist. When I talked to her about her change in demeanor, she simply said that in Mexico or in her culture, even at a young age, she was supposed to like boys, but not too much because she had to maintain her virginity in order to be increasingly desirable so she could be married off to a machista. She explained that a machista was a sexist man. Now that she was in the United States, it gave her a chance to not just be exposed to something different, but it gave her a chance to experiment with something different to see what she liked instead of conforming to her culture. She liked being able to be versatile with girls and guys and her new sense of longing for equality for men and women played into her giving herself a new identity because she felt like she could.
Do you think anonymity plays the biggest role in constructing new identity ? Why not ?
Do you think women have more of a sense of sexual empowerment by migrating to the US ?
Do you think that immigrants should maintain their pre-established ideologies due to the United States heteronormativity, or do you think you think they should exercise their freedom even thought their voice is less likely to be heard when deciding rights for non-heteronormative people?

What Does Sex Have To Do With Rape Culture

Rape culture is prominently displayed even though people may not realize it. Although many people think the term “rape culture” is only used by feminist to make men look bad, it is more used in order to portray incidents that promote or become involved in sexual assault or rape against females and males.  Rape culture includes the use of sexually explicit language or actions and the use of words or actions that disrespect or cross the sexual boundaries of genders. The way people contribute to the rape culture unknowingly is when jokes are made about violence, sexual assault, or rape. The more jokes that are made, the more it tells people that it is okay to laugh at them. The more people begin to laugh, the more blind or numb people begin to feel to the fact that it actually happens and it is not a joke. At this point, those terms and actions are normalized and begin to happen more because the lines are blurred between what constitutes as rape and sexual assault.

The idea that the majority of society has come to normalize certain aspects of sexual assault through jokes and media plays into the double standard, which is the ideologies that exist within genders that promote certain actions for one gender, but disapprove of the actions for another gender. By relating this to the double standard, it sets the stage for the idea that women are more prone to being ignored or looked down upon in the situation of rape or sexual assault. For example, the picture below was found on a widely used social media cite. It fits this idea because when a guy is sexually assaulted, it may be funny to some because he got taken advantage of by a woman, but in the end, the guy does not receive crappy comments that ruin his self-worth, and he will be more likely to gain justice in the end.

Do you feel that this is one way in which men are valued over women, or do you think men and women are treated equally when it comes to sexual assault and rape?

Do you think it is possible to prevent sexual harassment or is it one of those things that depends on the person?

Do you think women are prone to be looked down upon or ignored in the case of sexual assault because it happens so often?

What Does Sex Have To Do With… Jay Alexander

Because “normal” in today’s society is based off such a limited spectrum, people are beginning to challenge the norms, especially the ones of sexuality, sex, and gender. The interrelations of sex, gender, and sexuality come into play when talking about transgendering and the queer nature. Transgendering addresses transsexuals, cross-dressers, and transgendered individuals, which are people whose gender does not match their original sex. Transgender people are people who feel as if their sex and gender are abnormal compared to societal norms. Cross-dresses are those who dress in clothes of the opposite sex, and. Transsexuals are people who have the goals of changing their sex. All of them intersect with sexuality.
This concept is the complete opposite of the down-low culture. With transgendering, men (and women alike) are openly expressive about their activities, sexualities, and “spoiled masculinities”, but in the down-low culture, men are reluctant to claim bisexuality or being gay because they feel as if their masculinity will diminish, and with that they become devalued and discriminated against. This ultimately brings up the question of whether sexual identities are defined in the action or in how someone feels emotionally.

By growing up in an area right outside of New Orleans, I have been exposed to “dragging” as an art form and purely that. Some drags take it seriously as a performance for modelling, beauty shows, and dancing and singing productions, and some take it as a serious lifestyle because that is how they would prefer to look on a day to day basis. The latter would be considered the ones who claim the transie lifestyle. Jay Alexander is one of the less dramatized drags in the most popular sector of the modelling industry. He demands to be called fabulous and is very open in his identity as a drag queen; however, he only dresses in drag for his performances. He is, indeed, gay with a son, but not all drags are homosexual, transgendered, or queer. This ties in with the down-low culture because drags who do not claim homosexuality, transgendering, or gay have the freedom to participate in cross-dressing, which to society is backwards because the mode of thinking is methodological. “If you do this… then you should be this.” It also ties into transgendering because the men or women participate in cross dressing, while ultimately wanting the ending of a sex change.
What makes a person’s sexual identity, actions or words ? Are there any other examples for connections?