Hip-hop music in particular has the most influence on mainstream and the younger generation of society. There are equally as many white people as black people that listen to hip-hop so with that being said, it effects all races as well as social classes, which makes it most effective in spreading ideologies. The assertiveness in hip-hop music objectifies women and puts men in the position of power. Some songs directly put down women by calling them bitches and hoes while also referring to them in a sexual manner. Because it is a man that usually makes these songs, he is sending the message that he is better than women so he has the right to degrade them.
Magazines depict the way men and women are supposed to look and act. The ideal masculine man is depicted in magazines as one that is tall, muscular, and heterosexual. You can tell he is heterosexual because he is usually surrounded by women. The ideal feminine woman is usually slender and beautiful with long flowing hair. These images give society a collective image of what a man or woman should look like, which reinforces gender roles and heteronormativity.
Social media helps reinforce multiple ideologies including heteronormativity and the objectification of women. When I scroll down my timeline on twitter at night, a lot of what I see is naked women and them performing sexual actions with other men. By showing such sexual content, it neglects to also include safe sex practices for woman to woman, man to man, and man to women actions. Also, especially in the case of twitter and Instagram, any time something that is not heteronormative is posted, criticism follows. It is really bad on twitter to the point people get attacked for being something other than what society wants them to be.
Television shows are becoming more interactive with things other than the traditional values of society. Some shows makes jokes about very controversial topics, which for some people makes it seem like it is not that big of a deal. On the other hand, sometimes the shows joking about controversial topics brings them to light and allows people to make their own assumptions about the issue. All in all, television is something that everybody watches at some point in life and it is the easiest way to spread common ideas. Sometimes it does not directly address issues; sometimes the issues are subliminal, but either way, the issue/topic still gets talked about.
All of these are a part of the social institution called media. Of all the concepts and topics we covered, media has got to be my favorite one because media plays a role in everything from sexualities to double-standards to sexual assault. The ways the ideologies were created for these concepts is most likely through media because media always projects the popular opinion and the nature of people is to take the opinions of others and make them their own with their own justifications. Media is what helped and is still helping society develop a collective conscious.